The Institute of Dermatology suggests ways to protect yourself from the harmful effects of the sun. When it enters the summer, the temperature rises. Along with the scorching sun every day, it can cause skin problems such as redness, burns, pigmentation or may cause skin cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to protect against sunlight in various ways. for good skin health
sunlight is beneficial But at the same time there is a serious penalty if given in excess. The period that causes the most harm to the skin is during the intense sun from 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m., with noticeable dangers from the sun, such as having a burning red skin every time you go out in the sun. Sunlight consists of different types of light. The light that causes the most harm to the skin is ultraviolet light. Also known as UV, it can cause redness, sunburn, pigmentation, dryness, melasma, freckles, premature aging and may cause skin cancer in the long term.
UV light that penetrates the earth and is harmful to human skin can be divided into two types: UVA light and UVB light. UVA light has a longer wavelength than UVB can penetrate to the epidermis and dermis It can cause wrinkled skin, dark skin, freckles, and even skin cancer. UVB light is shorter wavelength than UVA, causing sunburn. There will be red swelling of the skin and possibly blistering, burning pain. Burnt and dry skin, wrinkled skin, dark spots, freckles, which when the skin is regularly sunburned can cause skin cancer.
Prevention methods should be avoiding exposure to the sun. If you need to be in the sun, wear a long sleeve shirt with a closed neck. Open an umbrella or wear a wide-brimmed hat. and apply sunscreen regularly because under the shade of a tree or the eaves There is a chance of exposure to UV rays like when in the sun. Because concrete floor, water floor, sand floor can reflect UV rays into the body.
Choosing a sunscreen should choose the type that is suitable for your skin and is effective in protecting from the sun. The number SPF (Sun Protection Factor) is the ability of a sunscreen to help prevent redness caused by UVB. Shows the ability to protect against sunlight in numbers such as SPF 15, 30, etc. If SPF 15 means that a person is exposed to the sun for 30 minutes and has red, burning, burning skin, but if you apply sunscreen with an SPF of 15, you can stay in the sun for a long time. is 15 times of 30 minutes or about 7 and a half hours without causing skin redness It is important to choose a sunscreen that can protect against UVA by having a mixture of sunscreen or sunscreen that reflects light. which may be applied to make the face white But the advantage is that there is no irritation and no allergy. However, applying sunscreen should be started regularly from childhood. especially children swimming lessons or playing outdoor sports Because ultraviolet light will have a detrimental effect on the skin accumulated. Therefore, applying sunscreen is a good skin barrier.